The Alberta government has released recovery plans for two herds of threatened caribou in the province’s north that it says will bring the amount of usable habitat on their ranges up to the level required by a deal signed with Ottawa, The Canadian Press reports.
“(These) plans make good on our commitment to take action on caribou recovery while maintaining local industry and jobs and building strong communities,” said a statement from Environment and Parks Minister Jason Nixon.
“It’s critical that these plans are made in Alberta… rather than having a one-size-fits-all approach imposed on us from Ottawa.”
But one observer who’s been closely involved with drafting the plans said the final documents delay most of the hard work for at least a decade and lack specifics on how habitat, much of it damaged or threatened by oil and gas activity across the province, will be maintained and restored.
“If we’re not doing much in the next five to 10 years, that just kicks some of the hard decisions down the road,” said Carolyn Campbell, conservation director at the Alberta Wilderness Association.
In 2020, Alberta’s United Conservative Party government signed a deal with the federal Liberals committing to develop recovery plans for the province’s caribou in order to prevent Ottawa from imposing its own plans under an emergency order. On Friday, the province unveiled plans for the Cold Lake and Bistcho Lake herds.
Those plans emphasize cooperation and coordination between industrial users to minimize road construction and other disruption. They seek to weigh human use with ecosystem needs through what they call integrated land management.
Campbell praised the overall thrust of the documents.
“It’s an important milestone,” she said. “This does reflect a real shift that is long-awaited and important to responsible development.”
But she pointed out it will take at least 50 years for the plans to bring the ranges back to where 65% is usable caribou habitat.
The inventory of abandoned oil and gas wells is projected to decrease by 15% by 2033. In-situ oilsands plants have to reclaim 5% of their disturbed lands by 2031 and 15% by 2042.
The plans propose to take at least three decades to reclaim a quarter of the thousands of kilometres of seismic lines on the landscape.
The benchmarks also guarantee that in order to keep caribou from vanishing, Alberta will need to poison and shoot wolves well into the future, Campbell said. “That’s not ambitious enough when we’re killing wolves at an intense rate.”
She added that the plans lack detailed targets on a decade-by-decade basis. So “we don’t know how the whole picture hangs together.”
The plans are final and will come into effect as soon as they are adopted into the government’s existing Lower Athabasca Regional Plan.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published April 8, 2022.