Some Maritimers who lost power for days after Hurricane Fiona are questioning whether power utilities have properly prepared their grids for the powerful storms that are increasingly battering the region.
“Most of Nova Scotia has the expectation that if the wind blows sideways, there’s a potential to lose power,” Amanda Dodsworth told The Canadian Press last Wednesday, as she spent a fourth morning in the dark.
She said in her neighbourhood 10 kilometres from the centre of Halifax, Fiona landed with less ferocity than in northeastern Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, taking down branches rather than toppling large trees and snapping poles.
“There’s a lot of damage where you can’t figure out why it’s taking so long to fix,” Dodsworth said. “I think some of the issue is there’s a lack of general maintenance of the lines and poles and things.”
Halifax Regional Municipality councillor Sam Austin told CP he has had a steady stream of emails from residents of Dartmouth Centre struggling to understand why the apparently limited damage has kept power out for close to a week, when damage from Hurricane Juan in 2003 seemed far worse.
“People’s patience is wearing thin,” said Austin, whose background is in urban planning.
“We’re going to have start hardening our infrastructure, especially our electrical systems, because doing things the same old way we’ve been doing it isn’t going to cut it anymore.”
During a briefing on Wednesday afternoon, Matt Drover, who is managing Nova Scotia Power Corporation’s response to Fiona, said the privately-owned utility was coping with thousands of broken lines and hundreds of damaged poles. About 415,000 customers lost power during Fiona, and the utility said that as of Wednesday, the lights were back on for more than three-quarters of those.
However, in recent years the utility has repeatedly come in for criticism, receiving a fine of C$250,000 from its regulator in 2020 for failing to meet reliability standards, including standards for the frequency and length of power outages.
Drover said the utility, which is owned by Halifax-based Emera, has been making progress in strengthening its network. “What we focus on is tree trimming. We spend over $20 million (annually) on vegetation management throughout the province,” he said Wednesday. “That is the best thing we can do to prevent power outages.”
While some residents may see just a few branches down, he added, it’s possible the cause of the outage is a much larger tree that has fallen “further up the line.”
Kevin Mullen, CEO Halifax-based renewable energy firm GreenQuest Power, said the oversight model for Nova Scotia Power has to change to give the regulator the ability to impose stronger penalties if reliability standards aren’t met.
“The only way to solve the problem is to force Nova Scotia Power to be accountable,” he said. “You have to say, ‘This fine is going to be more of a cost to you than non-performance.’ When you bring it to that point, the company will start to turn around.”
He said there are is a lot of “low-hanging fruit” available for improvements, including burying lines, increased tree trimming and upgrading transformers.
In Prince Edward Island, 90% of customers were without power at the height of the storm on Saturday. Maritime Electric, a subsidiary of Fortis Inc., reported Thursday morning that about half those outages, or 41,000 households, had seen their power restored.
Terry Gamble, who owns a cottage in Canoe Cove, PEI, said Wednesday her community had been without electricity since the storm struck late Friday. She said she’s one of the lucky ones because she also owns a condo in Charlottetown, which is on the hospital grid and had power restored within 48 hours.
However, rural areas have no streetlights, leaving residents in pitch darkness and without heat as the days get shorter and chillier, she said.
“It is very frustrating,” she said. “I mean, we are going back .. into the 1800s.” Gamble said there is a lot of talk about burying power lines to prevent such widespread blackouts.
“It would be at an enormous cost. But then you I guess you have to weigh it (against other costs). I guess it all comes down to what we as individuals are prepared to invest in the moment, or potential in the future,” she said.
Kim Griffin, a spokesperson for Maritime Electric, maintains the grid held up well overall. “The fact is we build to Canadian standards,” she told a media briefing.
She said the utility’s assessment of the impacts of climate change in the coming decades will be released later this year, and more infrastructure planning will follow.
“It’s not something you can go and invest in your system overnight,” she said.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published September 29, 2022