In a searing indictment of its failure to act fast enough to prepare for the onslaught of rising heat, there is condemnation of the British government by its independent advisors for the UK’s “really shocking” climate record.
The latest science says the world could warm by an average of 4°C over historical levels by 2100, an increase which would prove devastating to human life and the natural world. And the advisors’ assessment says the UK’s plans are inadequate to cope even with a 2°C temperature rise, a risky limit which exceeds the 1.5°C maximum most of the world’s nations agreed to aim for as the maximum tolerable rise in the Paris Agreement of 2015, Climate News Network reports.
The report is the work of the Climate Change Committee (CCC), an independent statutory body set up to advise the UK government and the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland on emissions targets, and to report to Parliament on progress made in cutting greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change.
The CCC’s chief executive, Chris Stark, said CCC members were so frustrated with the lack of progress on climate-proofing the UK that they deliberately made this report “spiky”.
“It’s really troubling how little attention the government has paid to this,” he said. “Overall, the level of risk that we are facing from climate change has increased since five years ago. Our preparations are not keeping pace with the risks that we face. That is a very concerning conclusion.”
The UK holds the presidency of this year’s United Nations climate conference, COP 26, and will therefore be responsible for pushing, pulling, and cajoling governments to commit to faster, deeper carbon cuts when delegates convene in Glasgow in just a few months. But Stark told BBC News: “The extent of planning for many of the risks is really shocking. We are not thinking clearly about what lies ahead.”
The CCC’s assessment examines risks and opportunities affecting every aspect of life in the UK. It concludes that action to improve the nation’s resilience is failing to keep pace with the impacts of a hotter planet and the growing climate risks the UK faces.
Threat to Net-Zero
The UK is already committed to a legally-binding goal of cutting its greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by the middle of the century. This CCC assessment focuses not on mitigation—emissions cuts—but on adaptation—preparing to live with the inevitable impacts that countries and citizens are already beginning to see, and nowhere more than in many of the world’s poorest countries. The government’s failure to act on adaptation is putting its net-zero goal in jeopardy, the New Scientist reports.
Since the CCC’s last assessment five years ago, more than 570,000 new homes have been built in the UK that are not resilient to future high temperatures, the report warns. Since 2018, more than 4,000 heat-related deaths have been recorded in England alone.
“Adaptation remains the Cinderella of climate change, still sitting in rags by the stove: under-resourced, underfunded and often ignored,” said Baroness Brown, chair of the CCC’s adaptation committee. “A detailed, effective action plan that prepares the UK for climate change is now essential and needed urgently.”
UK-wide, nearly 60% of the risks and opportunities assessed in the 1,500-page report have been given the highest urgency score. Among the priority risk areas identified by the CCC, those needing most immediate attention within the next two years are:
• Multiple hazards to terrestrial and freshwater habitats and species;
• Risks to soil health from increased flooding and drought;
• Risks to crops, livestock, and commercial trees;
• Risks to supplies of food, goods, and vital services from climate-related collapse of supply chains and distribution networks;
• Risks to people and the economy from climate-related failure of the power system;
• Risks to human health, well-being, and productivity from increased exposure to heat in homes and other buildings;
• Multiple risks to the UK from climate change impacts overseas.
The changing climate will create some opportunities for the UK, the CCC acknowledges, but they are massively outweighed by the risks.
It says the government must deliver a much better action plan to support good adaptation planning across the UK and integrate it into all relevant government plans and policies. The committee says the government has to date not heeded its advice on the importance of this plan or on funding it adequately, and that needs to change.
“We welcome this report and will consider its recommendations closely as we continue to demonstrate global leadership on climate change ahead of COP-26 [the UN climate summit to be hosted by the UK] in November,” a government spokesperson responded. − Climate News Network