Royal Dutch Shell pledged last week to cut its net greenhouse gas emissions 20% by 2035 and 50% by 2050, while investing US$1 to $2 billion per year in renewables and electric vehicles between 2018 and 2020, in an announcement it touted as a response to shareholder pressure and the targets in the Paris agreement.
“Tackling climate change is a cross-generational, global, and multi-faceted effort,” said CEO Ben van Beurden. “This is a challenge for the whole planet, for all of society, for customers, for governments, and indeed for businesses. It will mean meeting increasing energy demand with an ever-lower carbon footprint. And it is critical that our ambition covers the full energy life cycle, from production to consumption. We are committed to play our part.’’
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The announcement earned measured praise from environmental groups, and van Beurden said the commitment was just a first step. But the cash infusion to Shell’s new energies division was still well below 10% of the company’s total annual investment, and the phrasing of the GHG promise suggested an intensity-based target—which would mean the 20 and 50% reductions will be calculated on fossil production levels that Shell will expect to increase year after year.
“Shell will continue to target opportunities in new fuels and power, two businesses adjacent to its downstream and gas businesses that play to Shell’s existing strengths in brand and value chain integration,” industry publication JWN Energy notes. “Integrated gas, conventional oil and gas, and oil products are currently cash engines; deep water and chemicals are growth priorities; shales and new energies are emerging opportunities. Illustrating the dynamic nature of the company’s portfolio, the intention is for deep water to have become a cash engine by 2020, and shales to have become a growth priority by 2020.”
Which might explain van Beurden’s carefully-worded commitment to “bring down the net footprint of our energy products (expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent per megajoule consumed) by around half by 2050,” in a letter to UN Climate Secretary Patricia Espinosa. “As an interim goal, we aim to reduce it by around 20% by 2035—an ambition that we believe is compatible with a 2°C roadmap.
That language either implied something bad or something worse about the actual, tangible carbon reductions Shell is setting out to achieve. “CO2 equivalent per megajoule” means emissions still grow in step with the company’s production volume, so that the percent commitment is applied to a higher initial output.
“This ambition includes emissions direct from Shell operations, emissions caused by third parties who supply energy for that production, and emissions caused by the use of our products by consumers, as well as activities that reduce or offset C02 emissions,” van Beurden continued.
But if “CO2 equivalent per megajoule consumed” means Shell’s ambition is limited to its production emissions—the energy it consumes to produce fossil fuels – it means it’s still ducking responsibility for the climate-busting impact of the product itself. That would be like a tobacco company using only the best air filters to keep its workplace safe, the better to manufacture products that lead to a horrible, lingering death when used as directed.
While “it would be unwise to commit to an exact mix of measure to get to our ambition” at such an early stage in the transition, he said key elements of Shell’s plan would include biofuels and hydrogen, growth in electric vehicle charging points, development of natural gas markets for power and transport, renewable power from solar and wind, and carbon capture and storage.
The target received a thumbs-up from Dutch activist shareholder group Follow This. “We applaud Shell’s ambitious decision to take leadership in achieving the goals of the Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to well below 2.0°C,” said founder Mark van Baal. Dan Becker, director of the Washington-based Safe Climate Campaign, said the promise puts Shell “ahead of their competitors in recognizing that the days of oil dependence are numbered”, although “we’ll have to make progress a lot more quickly than they are projecting in order to protect the climate.”
Earlier this year, Shell earned headlines with a proposal to tie 10% of executive bonuses to greenhouse as reductions. “This is a good move by the company but we would like to see more,” Bruce Duguid, stewardship director at Hermes Investment Management, said at the time. “Scrutinizing the small print,” Reuters reported, “some investors want Shell to show how it will calculate the targets for lowering emissions in the new bonus scheme, rather than provide the information retrospectively in its annual report.”
JWN Energy’s description of the company’s future fossil portfolio might not be quite the detail they were looking for.
Some critics also pointed to a strange coincidence of timing that had Shell releasing its new carbon targets on the same day that Amnesty International called for a criminal investigation of the company’s alleged complicity in human rights abuses carried out by the Nigerian military in the 1990s.
Amnesty’s review of “thousands of internal company documents and witness statements…points to the Anglo-Dutch organization’s alleged involvement in the brutal campaign to silence protesters in the oil-producing Ogoniland region,” The Guardian reports. “Amnesty is urging the UK, Nigeria, and the Netherlands to consider a criminal case against Shell in light of evidence it claims amounts to ‘complicity in murder, rape, and torture’—allegations Shell strongly denies.”